James Gray

Biography of James Gray

James Gray
James Gray

James Gray (1875-1934) was the first Cargill Professor of Applied Physics, 1920 to 1935. He left to the University his collection of gyroscopes and other apparatus for teaching purposes.

Born in Glasgow, the son of the scientist Andrew Gray, James studied at the University College of North Wales and at the University, where he graduated with a BSc in Mechanical Engineering. He joined the teaching staff in the Department of Natural Philosophy at the University in 1904 and taught Physics to engineering and medical students. During the First World War he worked with his father and others on the development of defence and navigation systems for aerial and naval use.

Gray was an internationally famous scientist who published more than 150 scientific papers. He was best known for his work developing gyroscopes and as the inventor of the inductor compass which was used by Charles Lindbergh in the first trans-Atlantic flight.


James Gray
Physicist and Inventor

Born 1875, Glasgow, Scotland.
Died 6 November 1934.
University Link: Alumnus, Lecturer, Professor
GU Degree: BSc,
Occupation categories: physicists
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Record last updated: 17th Jul 2008

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  • Alumnus
  • Lecturer
  • Professor

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