French Croix de Guerre
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The French Croix de Guerre was instituted in 1915. It was awarded to individual members or units of forces allied to France for acts of heroism involving combat with enemy forces. It could also be awarded to those who were mentioned in dispatches. The basic Croix de Guerre medal was awarded with a gold palm. The French Croix de guerre was issued with a bronze star for those who had been cited by the regiment or brigade, a silver star for those cited by a Division Commander and a silver gilt star for those cited at the Corps level.
Twenty-three university members were awarded a French Croix de Guerre.